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Introduction

Myanmar, known as Burma for many years ( The Union Of Myanmar) is one of Asian Country, The historical facts of ancient days can be seen in Bagan, Mandalay, Innwa, Amarapura, Shwebo, Bago, Pyay, Taungoo and so on. the old Buddhist monasteries are distinctive features of Myanmar and archeological evidence of ancient days can be seen significantly. Most of traveller is know as " The Golden Land ". Our Country have uncountable Pagoda ,Temples ,Nice places, Famous mountain River , Natural Lake Beautiful Beaches and Traditional Arts Therefore Myanmar is a greatplace to visit at any time of the year.

Location

Myanmar is situated in Southeast Asia and is bordered on the north and northeast by China, on the east and southeast by Laos and Thailand, on the south by the Andaman Sea and the Bay of Bengal and on the west by Bangladesh and India.

Geography

The country covers an area of 678,500 square kilometres , ranging 936 kilometres (581 miles) from east to west and 2,051 kilometres (1,275 miles) from north to south, It is a land of hills and valleys and is rimmed in the north, east and west by mountain ranges forming a giant horseshoe. Enclosed within the mountaion barriers are the flat lands of Ayeyarwaddy, Chindwin and Sittaung River valleys where most of the country's agricultural land and population are concentrated. As a whole, the location and topography of the country generated a diversity of climate conditions. The bordering countries are Bangladesh 193 km, China 2,185 km, India 1,463 km, Laos 235 km, and Thailand 1,800 km.

Historical Background

Myanmar has a long history and its greatness dates back to the early 11th Century when King Anawrahta unified the country and founded the First Myanmar Empire in Bagan more than 20 years before the Norman Conquest of England in 1066. The Bagan Empire encompassed the areas of the present day Myanmar and the entire Menam Valley in Thailand and lasted two centuries. The Second Myanmar Empire was founded in 16th Century by King Bayinnaung styled Branginoco by the Portuguese. King Alaungpaya founded the last Myanmar Dynasty in 1752 and it was during the zenith of this Empire that the British moved into Myanmar Wars in 1825. In 1885, King Thibaw, Queen Supaya Latt and the royal family were taken to Ratanagiri, India and Myanmar fell under the British Rule. Myanmar became a British Colony from 1885 until 1948. Myanmar becomes a sovereign independent state in January 1948 after more than 100 years of colonial administration.

Climate

The climate of Myanmar is roughly divided into three seasons: Summer, Rainy Season, and Winter Season.The climate of Myanmar is roughly divided into three seasons: Summer, Rainy Season, and Winter Season.
From the end of February to the beginning of May are Summer months, with highest temperatures during March and April in Central Myanmar up to above 110F (43.3C) while in Northern Myanmar it is about 97F (36.1C).
Rainy Season, from mid May to the end of October, with annual rain fall of less than 40 inches in Central Myanmar while the coastal regions of Rakhine and Tanintharyi get about 200 inches.
Winter which starts from November and lasts to the end of February with temperature in hilly areas of over 3000 feet drops below 32F (0 C).

Population/people

Myanmar is a union of 135 ethnicl races, with their own Languages. the main national races are Kachin, Kayah, Kayin, Chin, Bamar, Mon, Rakhine and Shan. Population of the country is estimated at 60 million. People speak 111 languages in Myanmar. The major language is Myanmar, but minority ethnic groups have their own languages. English is widely spoken and understood.

Religion

The main religions of the country are Buddhism (89.2%), Christianity (5.0%), Islam (3.8%), Hinduism (0.5%), Spiritualism (1.2%) and others (0.2%). Religious intolerance or discrimination on grounds of religion is nonexistent in the Union of Myanmar throughout its long history. Some Myanmar's culture along with an observance of animism, or the worship of ancestors (nat). In this culture, there are many festivals and celebrations held that correlate with nat. Nat also has influence on the practice of traditional medicine.

Culture

Buddhism has great influence on daily life of the Myanmar. The people have preserved the traditions of close family ties, respect for the elders, reverence for Buddhism and simple native dress. Myanmars are contented and cheerful even in the face of adversities and known for their simple hospitality and friendliness.

Economy

Agriculture is the main sector of economy and a few industrial zones around major cities. Foreigners can make investment in Myanmar. Myanmar is also rich in tourist attractions.

Capital of Myanmar

Naypyidaw is the capital of Myanmar (Burma). On 6 November 2005, the administrative capital of Burma was officially moved to a greenfield site 2 miles (3.2 km) west of Pyinmana, and Pyinmana, and approximately 200 miles (320 km) north of Yangon.

General Information

The country code is +95, and the internet access code is .mm.
Time Zone = MMT (UTC + 6:30)
International airports are in Yangon and Mandalay.
The country is divided into states, divisions, townships, wards and villages.
Business Hours is usually from 9am to 5pm for private companies and 9:30 to 4:30 for government offices. Working days are from Monday through Friday. Public holidays are also included. Major Credit cards are not widely accepted. Cash is always more convenient. National currency is Kyat.
Electricity is 200 volts AC, 50Hz.
Taxis are available everywhere. There are over 250 Buses lines running through Yangon everyday. For exclusive transport, there are car rental services.
Domestic highway bus terminals are Aung Mingalar and Dagon Ayeyar, both about 10 miles from downtown Yangon.
Common local unit of weight is peiktha (viss), which equals to 3.6 pounds.
Most common unit of measure is feet and inches.